THE POWER OF CIVILITY: REFERENCES AND NOTES
Alfred, T. (2005) Wasase : Indigenous Pathways of Action and Freedom, Peterborough: Broadview Press
Brecher, J., Costello, T., and Smith, B. (2000) Globalization from Below, The Power of Solidarity, Cambridge, Mass: South End Press
Butalia, U. (January 2005) “A Hierarchy of Violence”, Chapter 8 in Sen and Saini, eds (January 2005), pp 114-123
Caruso, G. (December 2004) “Conflict management and hegemonic practices in the World Social Forum 2004”, in International Social Science Journal, Issue no 182, pp 577-590. Available at http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func= showIssues&code=issj&open=2004#C2004
Childs, J.B (2003) Transcommunality, From the Politics of Conversion to the Ethics of Respect, Philadelphia: Temple University Press
Churchill, W. (2004) Kill the Indian, Save the Man, The Genocidal Impact of American Indian Residential Schools, San Francisco: City Lights Books
Committee on Civil Society Research, Sweden (nd, c.January 2007) ‘Global Civil Society – More or Less Democracy?’. Note for Seminar to be held at the World Social Forum, Nairobi, 20-25 January 2007, organised by The Committee on Civil Society Research, Sweden
Crosby, A. (December 2006) “The Principles and Values of Taiaiake Alfred’s Peace, Power, Righteousness as a Global Model: Bolivia and Other Worlds”, Research paper for PSCI 5501, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Fall 2006 – Other Worlds, Other Globalisations (www.critical-courses.cacim.net)
Das, V. (January 2005) “Redefining the World”, Chapter 3 in Sen and Saini, eds (January 2005), pp 54-63
Datta Chowdhury, S. (1993) “A Sociological Study of Institutionalized Aging”, Thesis submitted to the University of Delhi for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Sociology, Delhi School of Economics
Daulatzai, A. (December 2004) “A leap of faith : Thoughts on secularistic practices and progressive politics”, in International Social Science Journal, Issue no 182, pp 565-576. Available at http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func= showIssues&code=issj&open=2004#C2004
de Regt, A. (1986) “Arbeidersgezinnen en beschavingsarbeid : Ontwikkelingen in Nederland 1870 – 1940” [Workers’ families and civilizing work : Development in the Netherlands, 1870 – 1940, in Dutch], Amsterdam: Boom Meppel
Divakar Namala, P. (forthcoming ) “Making Caste a Global Issue”, in Sen, J., ed (forthcoming, 2007a). Edited version of presentation at the Open Space Seminar Series session on ‘Caste and Race : Questions of Identity and Exclusion’, on October 21 2003 at Room No 1, Department of Sociology, Delhi School of Economics
Falk, R. (1993a) “The Making of Global Citizenship”, in Brecher, Childs, and Cutler, eds (1993) pp 39-50
Falk, R. (1997) “Resisting ‘Globalization-from-above’ through ‘Globalization-from-below’”, in New Political Economy 2, pp 17-24
Foster, J.W., and Anand, A., eds (1999) Whose World is it Anyway ? Civil Society, the United Nations, and the multilateral future, Ottawa: United Nations Association in Canada
Furniss, E. (2000 [1992, 1995]) Victims of Benevolence, The Dark Legacy of the Williams Lake Residential School, Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press
Glasius, M., Kaldor, M., and Anheier, H., eds (2005) Global Civil Society 2006/7, London: Sage. http://www.lse.ac.uk/Depts/global/yearbook06-7.htm
Hardoy, J.E. and Satterthwaite, D. (1989) Squatter Citizen, Life in the Urban Third World, London: Earthscan Publications
Harvie, D., Milburn, K., Trott, B., and Watts, D., eds (2005) Shut Them Down !, The G8, Gleneagles 2005 and the Movement of Movements, Leeds: Dissent, and Brooklyn, New York: Autonomedia
Howell, J., and Pearce, P (1998) Civil Society & Development, A critical exploration, Boulder, Colorado, and London: Lynne Rienner
Hurl, C. (November 2006) “Challenging Empires : Retrocolonialism, Neocolonialism, and Dissent within Dissent’”, Note for presentation to graduate course at the University of Carleton, Open Space and Dissent in Movement, Sociology 5805, on November 2 2006
Keck, M. E., and Sikkink, K., (1998) Activists Beyond Borders, Advocacy Networks in International Politics, Ithaca: Cornell University Press
Khagram, S., Riker, J.V., and Sikkink K., eds (March 2002) Restructuring World Politics, Transnational Social Movements, Networks, and Norms, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota
Korten, D. C. (1998) When the Corporations Rule the World, Mapusa, Goa: The Other India Press; ph/fx +91-832-226 3305
Martinez, E (Betita) (January 2000) “Where Was The Color in Seattle ? Looking for reasons why the Great Battle was so white”. Extended version of article appearing in ColorLines, February 2000, http://www.nadir.org/nadir/initiativ/agp/free/seattle/color.htm
Menon, R., and Bhasin, K. (1998) Borders and Boundaries: Women in India’s Partition New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press
Muto I (June 2004) “Alliance of Hope and Challenges of Global Democracy”, Keynote address at Alliance of Hope: Encounter of 1993 Regional Networks, June 18-22 2004, Geneva. Posted August 15 2004 at http://www.ppjaponesia.org/modules/articles/article.php?id=11
Nayyar, D., and Court, J. (June 2002) Governing Globalization, Issues and Institutions, UNU-WIDER Policy Briefing No 5. Policy-focussed summary of Nayyar, D., ed (July 2002) – Governing Globalization, Issues and Institutions, Helsinki: UNU-WIDER
Nimtz Jr, A. H. (2000) Marx and Engels : Their Contribution to the Democratic Breakthrough, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press
Nunes, R. (November 2006 ) “Nothing is what democracy looks like: Openness, horizontality and the movement of movements”, Interactivist Info Exchange – Collaborative Authorship, Collective Intelligence http://info.interactivist.net/, @ http://info.interactivist.net/article.pl?sid=06/11/21/2032250. Originally published in: Harvie, Milburn, Trott, and Watts, eds (2005)
Oloo, O. (National Coordinator, Kenya Social Forum) (March 2007) “Critical Reflections on WSF Nairobi 2007”, Debate SA discussion list WSF-Nairobi autopsy by Oyango Oloo. Date: 29 March 2007 1:52:31 PM GMT+05:45. Available at http://www.openspaceforum.net/twiki/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=392
Rikkilä, L., and Sehm Patomäki, K. eds (2002) From a Global Market Place to Political Spaces, the North South Dialogue continues. NIGD Working Paper 1/2002, published by NIGD – Network Institute for Global Democratisation, www.nigd.org. Rikkilä and Sehm Patomäki document available in full at http://www.nigd.org/publications
Scholte, J. A. (January 2007) “Global Civil Society: Opportunity or Obstacle for Democracy?’” Paper for the Committee on Civil Society Research, Sweden
Segal, R. (1995) The Black Diaspora, London: Faber and Faber (in North America, as The Black Diaspora : Five Centuries of the Black Experience Outside Africa, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux)
Sen, J. (August 1984b) “Criminalisation of the Poor” and “Rules without Alternatives”, in Indian Express (New Delhi), August 10 and 11 1984
Sen, J. (June 1996a) “‘Participation of the People’ – Intentions and Contradictions : A Critical Look at Habitat II”, in Economic and Political Weekly, June 1 1996, pp 1302-1306
Sen, J. (July-September 1998) “Sha Fu : The Past, the Present, and the Future of the Hand-rickshaw Pullers of Calcutta : Is a civilised and progressive transition possible ?”, in Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars 30:3, pp. 37-49 + 4 pp photo exhibit
Sen, J. (December 1999) “A World to Win – But whose world is it, anyway ?”, Chapter 9 in Foster and Anand, A., eds (1999), pp 337-390
Sen, J. (May 2000d) “Some comments [to Jeremy Brecher] on the March 31 2000 draft of ‘Globalisation from below’ – henceforth ‘GfB’ !’”. personal correspondence, dt May something [25-30] 2000, 5 pp
Sen, J. (April 2001 ) “The Unintended City”, Seminar 500, special issue on ‘Seminar through the decades’, pp. 39-47
Sen, J. (November 2002d) “Civilising Globalisation ? Or Globalising Civilisation ? Some reflections towards civil governance and a conscious, critical globalisation”. A Paper for a Presentation to the Opening Session of ‘Helsinki Conference 2002 : Searching for Global Partnerships’ held in Helsinki, Finland, December 2-4 2002, organised by the Crisis Management Initiative (Office of President Ahtisaari) on behalf of the Government of Finland
Sen, J. (2002) “Are other globalisations possible ? The World Social Forum as an instrument of global democratization’, Chapter 8 in Rikkilä and Sehm Patomäki, eds (2002), pp 167-205. Abridged version of paper for the NIGD (Network Institute for Global Democratisation) Seminar at the World Social Forum, on ‘Global Democracy ? A North-South? Dialogue’ held on February 4 2002, at Amarzen, Porto Alegre, Brazil. Available at : http://www.nu.ac.za/ccs and http://www.forumsocialmundial.org.br/eng/tbib.asp
Sen, J. (December 2004 October 2004) “Supermakt ! Superpower ! : But through Global Cooperation or Global Corporation ? Some critical reflections on democratic options”, notes for a presentation at the public meeting on ‘Global cooperation : What democratic possibilities are there ?’ during the Norwegian Social Forum, Oslo, Norway, on October 22 2004. Revised and final version
Sen, J. (2004b) “How Open ? The Forum as Logo, the Forum as Religion – Scepticism of the Intellect, Optimism of the Will”, in in Sen, J., Anand, A., Escobar, A., and Waterman, P., eds (2004), pp 210-227. Available at http://www.choike.org/documentos/wsf_s315_jai.pdf
Sen, J. (2004c) “The Long March to Another World : Reflections of a member of the WSF India Committee in 2002 on the first year of the World Social Forum process in India”, in Sen, J., Anand, A., Escobar, A., and Waterman, P., eds (2004), pp 293-311. Available at http://www.choike.org/documentos/wsf_s409_jai.pdf
Sen, J. (July 2005) “On Incivility and Transnationality : Towards Alliances of Critical Hope. Steps towards critically engaging with Muto Ichiyo’s concept of transborder participatory democracy”. A paper for Panel One, ‘The Long March of 50 Year People’s Movement : The Works of Muto Ichiyo’, on Day One of the 2005 IACS Conference ‘Emerging Inter-Asian? Subjectivities in Cultural Movements’, sponsored by Inter-Asian? Cultural Studies and hosted by the Korean National University of the Arts at the Ilmin Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea, July 22-24 2005. Conference draft, 51 pp. Available @ https://www.cacim.net/twiki/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=59
Sen, J. (March 2006) “Understanding the World Social Forum : The WSF as an Emergent Learning Process – Notes on the Dynamics of Change”, in Mainstream(New Delhi), March 25 2006, pp 9-24. Available at http://www.openspaceforum.net/twiki/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=34
Sen, J. (January 2007) “The World Social Forum as an emergent learning process”, in Futures vol 39 (2007), pp 505-522. Available through subscription @ http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2006.10.006
Sen, J. ed (forthcoming, 2007a) Interrogating Empires, New Delhi: OpenWord?
Sen, J., Anand, A., Escobar, A., and Waterman, P., eds (2004) World Social Forum : Challenging Empires, New Delhi : Viveka
Sen, J., and Saini, M., eds (January 2005) Are Other Worlds Possible ? Talking NEW Politics, New Delhi: Zubaan
Sen, J. and Kumar, M., compilers, with Bond, P. and Waterman, P. (January 2007) A Political Programme for the World Social Forum ? Democracy, Substance, and Debate in the Bamako Appeal and the Global Justice Movements – A Reader. Published by CACIM (Indian Institute for Critical Action: Centre in Movement), New Delhi, India, and University of KwaZulu-Natal? Centre for Civil Society (CCS), Durban, South Africa. Available @ www.cacim.net
Shaw, M. (nd) “Civil society” in Kurtz, L. ed (nd) Encyclopaedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict, San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 269-78, @ http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/hafa3/cs.htm, pp 1 and 3
Sklair, L. (1991) Sociology of the Global System, London: Harvester Wheatsheaf
Sklair, L. (March 2005) “The silent qualifiers of globalization”, written version of a Public Lecture given at The London School of Economics and Political Science on March 1 2005. Available @ http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/sociology/pdf/Thesilentqualifiersofglobalization.pdf
Treanor, P. (November 2002) “Who controls the European Social Forum ?” http://web.inter.nl.net/users/Paul.Treanor/esf.html
Tripathi, S. (August 2006) “Londonistan Burning”, in Tehelka, The People’s Paper (New Delhi), August 26 2006, pp 13-19
Unnayan (July 1982) “Hand-rickshaws in Calcutta: Who decides ?”, in Mainstream, July 10 1982, pp 26-27
Vieru, M. (December 2006) ‘From Hegemony to Security and Back to Hegemony in a Global World: Canada and the Illusion of Multiculturalism’, Research paper for PECO 5501F, PSCI 5501F, SOCI 5504F, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Fall 2006 – Other Worlds, Other Globalisations
Wallerstein, I. (2006) “The Curve of American Power”, in New Left Review, 40
Waterman, Peter (November 2005) “Global Civil Society : A Concept Worth Defining; A Terrain Worth Disputing”, in NIGD News and Notes 11/05, @ http://www.nigd.org/docs/GlobalCivilSocietyPeterWatermanNovember2005
Wilmer, F. (1993) The Indigenous Voice in World Politics, Since Time Immemorial, Newbury Park, London, and New Delhi: Sage
World Social Forum Organising Committee and World Social Forum International Council (June 2001) “World Social Forum Charter of Principles”, dt June 10 2001. Revised and approved version of original April 2001 Charter. Available at http://www.forumsocialmundial.org.br/main.asp?id_menu=4&cd_language=2
Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) (May 1996) “Invitation-summons to the Intercontinental Encounter for Humanity and Against Neoliberalism, Mexico, May of 1996”. http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/3849/invite.html on 31/8/2006
 This paper is the full, comprehensively revised, but abridged version of a rough paper prepared for the Nairobi seminar. I thank Håkan Thörn and the Committee for the opportunity to think through these thoughts, and Jane Duncan, Henning Melber, Jan Aart Scholte, and some members of the audience whose names I forget for their comments and questions, which helped me sharpen my thinking and think through certain points.
 Waterman (November 2005).
 Committee on Civil Society Research, Sweden (nd, c.January 2007).
 Nimtz Jr (2000).
 For an ongoing and sometimes critical anthology of the role of civil organisations at a global level, see the Global Civil Society Yearbook produced by Mary Kaldor and her colleagues at the Centre for Global Governance at the London School of Economics. Most recently : Glasius, Kaldor, and Anheier, eds (2005).
 For a discussion of the influence of new conditions, see : Keck and Sikkink (1998); and : Nunes (November 2006 ).
 Khagram, Riker, and Sikkink, eds (March 2002).
 See, for instance, Korten (1998).
 Scholte (January 2007).
 Sen (April 2001 ).
 Wilmer (1993); especially ‘The Great Cause of Civilization’, Chapter 4, pp 95-126. Also : Churchill, W. (2004), and : Furniss (2000 [1992, 1995]).
 Datta Chowdhury, (1993), citing de Regt, A. (1986).
 Shaw (nd), pp 1 and 3.
 For instance : Vieru (December 2006); or : Tripathi (August 2006).
 Das (January 2005).
 Butalia (January 2005); and : Menon and Bhasin (1998).
 For an early discussion of this stigmatisation, see : Sen (August 1984b). For a less pointed but more comprehensive discussion, see : Hardoy and Satterthwaite (1989).
 Nayyar and Court (June 2002).
 See, for instance : Alfred (2005). See also : Crosby (December 2006).
 I am aware of the very specific use of the term ‘uncivil’ in the North, by influential civil theorists, to mean what in India is popularly referred to as ‘anti-socials’; for instance, in Howell, J., and Pearce, P (1998). I urge those who use the term in this way to see it for its wider resonance, and to shift to using it in this way.
 For a discussion of this issue in a symbolically important situation at a very local level, the struggles for survival of hand rickshaw pullers in Calcutta (now Kolkata), see: Unnayan (July 1982).
 Sen (July-September 1998).
 For those interested, I develop these arguments somewhat in another paper : Sen (November 2002d).
 Childs (2003).
 Rikkilä and Sehm Patomäki, eds (2002); or to my own contribution to this volume : Sen (2002).
 For a first discussion of these dynamics, see : Sen (December 2004 [October 2004]). And for a detailed ethnographic discussion of a major transnational civil campaign at the World Bank, around the Narmada dams in India, see : Sen (December 1999).
 See, for instance : Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) (May 1996); and : Divakar Namala, P. (forthcoming ).
 For a contemporary Dalit perspective on insurgent politics, see : Divakar Namala (forthcoming ), as above. Paul Divakar is National Convenor of the NCDHR (National Campaign for Dalit Human Rights) in India.
 Martinez (January 2000).
 For a detailed discussion of these dynamics, see : Caruso (December 2004).  Caruso, 2004, as above.
 Daulatzai (December 2004).
 For a terse but comprehensive critical reflection on the Nairobi Forum by one of its organisers, including these dynamics, see : Oloo, O. (National Coordinator, Kenya Social Forum) (March 2007). For an archive of reflections on the Nairobi Forum, and on the WSF as a whole, see : http://openspaceforum.net/pipermail/ worldsocialforum-discuss_openspaceforum.net/.
 Sen (January 2007); or for a more easily accessible but earlier version, Sen (March 2006).
 Sen (December 2004 [October 2004]).
 World Social Forum Organising Committee and World Social Forum International Council (June 2001).
 For a discussion in these terms of the WSF in India, see : Sen (2004c); and for a discussion of the ESF in London : Treanor (November 2002).
 Sen, J. (2004b).
 Sen, J. and Kumar, M., compilers, with Bond, P. and Waterman, P. (January 2007).
 As mentioned earlier, I have also found very similar trends in global civil alliance; as discussed in : Sen (December 1999), above.
 Muto (June 2004). For a discussion of this paper and its proposals, see : Sen (July 2005).
 Muto (June 2004), as above, pp 11 and 12.
 For a detailed discussion of the dynamics and politics of the representation of CBOs (community-based organisations, a UN term) on ‘national civil committees’ established towards democratising the preparations for and agenda of Habitat II, the second UN Conference on Human Settlements in 1996, see : Sen (June 1996a); and for the dynamics in a major transnational civil campaign : Sen (December 1999) – ‘A World to Win’, as above.
 Brecher, J., Costello, T., and Smith, B. (2000). The Global Civil Society Yearbook produced by the London School of Economics, as above, also tends to celebrate ‘global civil society’ as GfB, but in a carefully muted way. See, for instance, their covering letter to the 2006/7 Yearbook, as above.
 Segal (1995).
 Falk (1993a) and Falk (1997); and : Brecher, Costello, and Smith (2000), as above.
 Sen (May 2000d).
 Childs (2003), as above.
 A small contribution to this task of examining how change is taking place, and re-thinking ‘globalisation’, took place during a course I ran at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada, during the Fall semester 2006, titled ‘Other Worlds, Other Globalisations’; for details, and in time the work of the course participants, see www.critical-courses.cacim.net.
 For a discussion of the emergence of a transnational capitalist class, see : Sklair, L. (1991) Sociology of the Global System, London: Harvester Wheatsheaf; and for a first exploration of its parallels in so-called ‘alternative globalisation’, see : Sklair, L. (March 2005).
 Point made in Hurl, C. (November 2006), referring to Wallerstein, I. (2006).